While researching volcanoes, it’s very clear super-volcanic eruptions are not only dangerous to life in its vicinity, but the entire planet as it can decrease global temperature and cause long periods of time without sunlight.
It’s obvious that earth would fall into a deadly volcanic ice age if super-volcanic eruption became very common. We would be sealed in a tomb of ice…
Now picture a large, young, very tectonically active planet very close to its star. It’s frequently bombarded with its stars heat as this planet is only around 0.3-0.5 AU away. At first glance a planet in this position would be inhospitable.
You probably already saw this coming, but now picture this planet covered with active super-volcanoes. Now you're probably thinking, "No, this planet is literally Venus. Volcanoes are only making it more inhospitable."
Well part of the reason Venus became the way it is is our sun's harsh UV rays that quickly evaporated all of Venus’ water. But this hypothetical planet would orbit a K-type star. These stars emit low amounts of UV radiation and if our planet had an atmosphere with lots of nitrogen (and then ozone if life did evolve) this would minimize its intake of radiation.
The planet would also be covered in giant oceans of water. This would help with a greenhouse effect and allow for more opportunities of water to seep into its inner layers and create volcanoes through tectonic plate boundaries.
Water would help with the creation of life and the ample amount of volcanic activity would increase the odds of life emerging in the first place.
So, with all of this considered, could this planet potential harbor life? If that is a resounding no, what could be changed to make life possible? Or is life just impossible on a planet this close to its sun and covered with volcanoes?