What year is the physics book that you are using to determine 'reality'?
Our physics textbook keeps getting thicker and thicker every year. Not only are the chapters expanded on, but entirely new chapters are written.
A form of near-instantaneous teleportation is now theoretically possible. However, it takes specific conditions. A near-empty environment, minimal heat (vibrations of particles), and devoid of gravity - exactly what inter-stellar space is.
The terminus of such a transportation system would have to be far from any gravitational source, and could not be 'built in' to the spaceship, rather the spaceship is 'launched' from this special facility and is thereafter 'on its own'. That is, the spaceship would have to be encapsulated in a special containment vessel, and forced into a quantum state. Then, probability takes over its actual location - it becomes a quantum wave. Just like entering the StarTrek transporter. All the action takes place in the transporter room, not in the space between origin and destination. Unfortunately, currently there is no real way to 'aim' it at a particular location.
Holding a nanoparticle this tightly in a single spot is just the
start. The goal is to put these objects into a so-called quantum
superposition — where it becomes impossible to say, before measuring
them, just where they are. A particle in a superposition could be
found in one of two or more places, and you just don’t know which of
them it will be until you look. It is perhaps the most startling
example of how quantum mechanics seems to insist that our familiar
world of objects with definite properties and positions comes into
being only through the act of looking at it.
All the same, researchers have been steadily increasing the size at
which superpositions and related quantum effects can still be observed
— from particles to small molecules, then bigger molecules, and now,
they hope, nanoscale lumps of matter. No one knows how far in
principle this expansion of quantumness can continue. Is there — as
some think — a size limit at which it simply vanishes, perhaps because
quantum behavior is incompatible with gravity (which is negligible for
atoms and molecules)? Or is there no fundamental limit to how big
quantumness can be?
Aquantum particle in a superposition, contrary to common belief, is
not really in two (or more) states at once. Rather, a superposition
means that there is more than one possible outcome of a measurement.
For an object at everyday scales, described by classical physics, that
makes no sense — it is either here or there, red or blue. If we can’t
say which it is, that’s just because of our ignorance: We haven’t
looked. But for quantum superpositions, there simply is no definite
answer — the property of “position” is ill-defined.
Interactions between a quantum particle and neighboring particles,
such as gas molecules or photons, entangle both objects into a kind of
joint quantum state. In this way, a superposition of the original
particle gets spread into the environment.
Rather like an ink droplet diffusing and spreading in a glass of
water, this spreading superposition makes it ever harder to see the
original one unless you look at every spot it has spread to and
reconstruct it from that information. As entanglement mixes the wave
function of the initial superposed particle with those of its
surrounding particles, the wave function seems to lose coherence and
become just a mass of incoherent little waves. This process is called
decoherence, and it makes the superposition undetectable in the
original object: Its quantum nature seems to disappear.
Decoherence of a quantum superposition happens extremely fast unless
the interactions of the particle with its environment can be minimized
— for example, by cooling it to extremely low temperatures to reduce
the disruptive effect of heat, and keeping the object in a vacuum to
eliminate molecular collisions. The bigger the object is, the more
interactions it is likely to have, and the faster decoherence happens.
For a dust grain about 10 micrometers across floating in the air, a
superposition state of two positions in space separated by about the
same width as the grain itself is estimated to decohere in about 10−31
seconds — less than the time it takes for a beam of light to travel
the width of a proton.
Arndt says his goal is to increase the mass of the particles by a
factor of 10 every year or two. That would soon take them well into
the size and mass range of biological objects such as viruses.
Meanwhile, in 2009 Romero-Isart, then at the Max Planck Institute for
Quantum Optics in Garching, Germany, and his co-workers sketched out
an idea to levitate viruses in an optical trap — where tiny objects
are held fast by the forces induced by intense, focused light beams —
and then coax them into a superposition of two vibration states and
look for interference between them.
Why stop there? The researchers even speculated about doing the same
to unambiguously living organisms, such as the phenomenally robust
little animals called tardigrades, which are about a millimeter wide
and have been found to survive several days of exposure to outer
space. The researchers wrote that the plan would allow them to create
“quantum superposition states in very much the same spirit as the
original Schrödinger’s cat” — the famous thought experiment intended
to highlight the apparent absurdity of quantum superpositions for
large (and especially living) entities.
So, really, no worm hole or handwaving required, and based on current theory. It is technically not 'moving' anything, except the informtion in the waveform.. 'Superposition' an entire spaceship into a quantum state. But where she lands, no one knows. It is all about probability, the spin of the wheel.
Oh, and no guarantees that life could survive the process. Something about that 'quantum state - low energy' thing. Room temperature quantumness, anyone? We are aiming for room temperature superconductivity, after all.