My binary planet consists of a Venus sized earth-like planet, tidally locked to a mars sized “super mercury”, with their centers separated by about 7 Venus radii. I know the coriolis effect would behave very differently here, so I decided to figure it out for myself, but I want to know if it is plausible, because it is certainly interesting.
The coriolis effect, as far as I know, arises from the equator moving faster than the poles because it is a larger distance traveling over the same time. A good analogy would be a record on a player. As air moves from the poles south, it approaches land moving faster than it, and appears to fall behind. Air moving north approaches slower moving land, and appears to slip ahead. But In my case, my planet is like a circle sticker stuck on the record, the near side of the planet hardly moving at all, and the far side buzzing around as the planets orbit one another.
As you can see, the further you get from the barycenter the faster the planet is moving, which forms a series of concentric circles from the sublunar point to the sublunar antipode. Air on the near side would appear to flow similar to on earth, moving closer to the sublunar point, toward the barycenter axis, toward slower moving land, therefore being deflected in the prograde direction. But once you reach the meridian “equator”, you find traveling north and south does not change how fast that part of the planet is moving. Here, the wind would not be deflected anywhere, but move north or south. Beyond this meridian, on the far side, moving toward the equator brings you to faster moving land, and the wind reverses direction. Considering the near side far side line as the “prime meridians” you would find in a single convection cell, the wind blows away from one point on this circle, and towards it on the opposite side of the planet. Even more interestingly, the next convection cell would blow in the opposite direction, away from this point, and converging back where you started
In conclusion, I feel this would make for a very interesting world with civilizations having to navigate by these strange winds, sometimes with the guide, of the other planet, and sometimes alone without it. Is there anything I’m missing? And to whoever edits this for formatting feel free to rewrite some stuff cause my syntax is terrible when I dump information.