I'm building a ringed world with it's rings composed of low albedo material to try and dampen the impact the rings have during night time (that is, trying so not every single night that the rings are visible looks like there was a full moon). In spite of how dark or bright these rings are, I'm aware they'll reflect a considerable amount of light. Apart from the rings, the planet has a satellite slightly smaller than the moon and with an overall lower albedo.
I've found myself quite interested in the development of a classical, greek-like mythos for the world lately. Wanting to give it a very celestial/cosmic approach I'm faced with the realization that it might not be that easy looking up to the night sky to wonder which of the luminous dots is your god given the constant source of light in rocky belt form. I could easily (and logically from my point of view), make yet another deity for the pantheon out of the ring. The thing is, I'd like for the inhabitants of the world to be able to distinguish, if possible, certain of the system planet's characteristics to associate them with the correspondent deity. Which would take either exceptional telescopic vision (not what I'm looking for) or a very early development of some kind of telescope, which could (potentially?) ruin the whole base of the religion since the mighty and mysterious heavenly lights would be uncovered to be nought but floating rocks.
Thus, two main questions arise:
-How big of an impact would rings with low reflectivity have on naked eye observation of the night sky?
-Could the believe in these celestial mythologies be further developed instead of destroyed by the scientific advances brought by observatory devices such as the telescope? Are there historical, real cases of something similar happening?