I translated my question/text with a translator because English is not my native language. I hope there are no mistakes.
Can you help me to define realistic climate zones and weather for my fictional world map? I am struggling with the climate zones and weather of my world map.
Unfortunately, I don't know anything about geography or meteorology (I'm uneducated on that). But I would like it to be correct. I have spent a long time searching, but it is very difficult to understand. That's why I would like help, please.
I have not defined information like the axis of rotation of the planet, in which direction it turns, etc... (I really don't know anything about it). So I guess it those can change.
Maybe should go up or down a little bit more the western continent or the eastern continent? I don't know.
I haven't yet precisely defined the Eastern continent.
My story will take place in the Western continent and mainly in :
red numbers (with the desert),
the number 10 (with also the small island)
the number 11
the continental forest.
So I need these mentioned areas to stay next to each other. The other areas are changeable, so you can move or change its position.
These are States. And the numbers that have the same color are States that form an empire.
To clarify: The big forest in the western continent is a somewhat supernatural forest, which goes beyond the laws of nature and where strange things happen. So that could be a reason for it to be like that climatically speaking.
EDIT 23 march 2022
I thank the Workdbuilding community comments for focusing this question. I took into account the following :
the climate zones are not straight lines ocean currents also needed mountains can stop the wind or the rain on the other side I have a lot of oceans (maybe too much), I have filled a little with lands (islands) the oceanic and continental climate occupy the same latitude my lands are big (maybe too much I think) For research, I followed the advice given in the Artifexian videos and also on this website (https://rollforfantasy.com/guides/map-creation-climates.php).
I am now sharing the result with rhe community.
There are some areas on which I did not put any climate (not colored) because I do not know yet what I should put. It's complicated ^^'
I hope you can help me.