In a pre-electrical age, anyone who needs a mobile source of illumination must rely on a lantern, lamp, candle or torch. Torches seem to be the cheapest, most primitive option, yet surely they have some variation in design just as the other light sources vary across eras and cultures.
What are the most advanced torch designs? Surely the original, most primitive torches were just sticks pulled from the fire, but you could do better than that. Any help would be appreciated.
Edit: I'm interested in this question because I am writing a story that involves cave exploration. For dramatic purposes, I like how iconic torches are: an open flame, held like a sword against the night. Yet it seems to me that any practical-minded spelunker of a society in the age just before electrification would prefer a lamp over a torch, since a torch is improved in every way by a lamp, assuming you have the resources and technology to produce one.