Yesterday, a team of intrepid explorers stumbled upon an enormous piece of unsettled, unclaimed land. This land has a variety of climates and is rich in resources. There are currently no inhabitants other than basic flora and fauna. The United Nations is now forced to create a strategy for dividing the land to avoid a colonial free-for-all that would almost certainly result in war.
There are historical examples of this scenario at several points in human history, most notably the discovery of the Americas. History is pretty clear on how turbulent that ended up being. However, I suspect that in a globalized community such as the one we have today, there would be an attempt to diplomatically allocate land to reduce the potential for violence as much as possible.
In the interest of full disclosure, my personal scenario that I’m developing involves the discovery of a new Earth-like planet. To avoid getting bogged down in the specific technological limitations of my world, I’m abstracting this concept out so that answers can hopefully focus more on the diplomatic aspects of generally agreeable, but competitive nations attempting to solve this challenge. Given that I’ve set this question in the modern day, please feel free to use modern nations for examples.
What division strategy could the United Nations adopt to minimize the potential for violence and worldwide conflict?