Bronze or normal titanium, plus nearly anything on your list as a tip.
You can't use anything you list for the bulk of the chisel, many will work for the cutting tip, but the bulk of the chisel, especially the head and shaft, need to me made of a metal that is impact resistant. Everything you list is too hard and will shatter. Stone cutting chisels need a very narrow range of properties. Cheap chisels make the whole chisel out of softer steel because a dull chisel can be easily resharpened. In fact this is what is done for most of history, medieval castle makers would reforge (to sharpen) the tip of masonry chisels every other day. More expensive stone chisels use a small tip of hard metal (for wear resistance) embedded in a shaft of softer more impact resistant steel, like the one below, but you have to surround the tip with a different metal to minimize the stress on the tip.
As a paleontologist I have worn out hundreds of hand chisels and have made dozens (this is actually why I learned blacksmithing). Chisels for use on stone are tricky things the tip and shaft of the chisel need very different properties.
Hard metals will shatter under impact, A chisel whos shaft is made of a hard brittle metal will last no time at all. A shattered chisel is scrap metal and worse has a decent chance of injuring the user. There is a reason we don't harden stone chisels too much, stone chisels work by transferring energy for impact, the chisel needs to be impacts resistant, usable chisels can flex. Hard metals work great for masonry chisel tips but if the shaft is made of them they shatter, this is even a risk with with steel chisels if overhardened. Don't believe me, take a carbide tool and start smacking the carbide portion with a hammer, see how long it lasts.
There are not many metals that are both stiff enough and impacts resistant enough to make the bulk of a chisel out of, excluding steel you have bronzes (including aluminum bronze), titanium, or titanium iodide. Bronze is by far the most available but failing that titanium will work, they will just be costly to manufacture.