I like Galactic's take, however I don't think one can predict that precisely how the given society would look like. There are a lot of different possible core believes that could form a society like that, possibly in your world different cultures would exist in parallel -
This is rooted in political core believes - the political right believing in hierarchy and order, the political left believing in equality and progress. The very conservative and hierarchy oriented culture Galactic describes in one country. In another country however equality could be a highly treasured value - keeping the memories from your ancestors could not only result in a high degree of expertise in one field it could also spark the ideal of a holistic person who is universally educated, resulting in a community very keen on sharing knowledge and genetic individuals devoting their lives to learning something entirely different from their "parent" to add to the knowledge reportoire. While in the caste society it would be likely for genetic individuals to stay among themselves, in that society individuals might leave their "parent" as soon as they are born to look for a group of individuals capable of teaching them something new. Long story short - to determine the structure of a certain society you'll have to figure out their core beliefs and go from there. How is a community of 4 million buildt? Is it 4 million versions of the same individual or is it 2 million different people that are there twice each? Do people enjoy being with their clones because they are similar to them or do they rather avoid them because it's boring and unproductive to stay with them? Does everyone think the same about this or do different individuals have a different attitude about it?
As for everyday life - a lot of social infrastructure like kindergartens, schools or old people's homes didn't need to exist. So if we have a modern society organized in a state money would be free to invest in different things - research, housing, high culture... Every society can decide what they value.
Culture would depend on societal structures and interpersonal relationships. Again depending on values of a community friendship or platonic relationships could play a way bigger role, after all we need emotional support, stimulation, distraction, help. Forms of living together could largely vary - possibly partnership would be a more varying number of people living together because why would it be bound to only two people? Maybe some communities rationalize interpersonal relationships though, reducing it to functionality, possibly living in assigned groups of people... It always falls back to core values...
High and pop culture of course would lack one of their big topics but act as a way to process emotion and therefore deal with whatever interpersonal relationship are like. In a very rational and rather cold society art could still be about aesthetics or about psychological and medical effects of music or the choice of colors.
I assume that overall lower gender roles and less rivalry for partners would lead to less impulsive aggression, making aggression rather instrumental if there is aggression in the society. However people could become quite aggressive defending their genetic twins or loved ones from danger though. Maybe that also depends on the individual.
Personally not having to worry about sex and sexual relationships would probably set free some resources that people could chose to use on work, education (or boycotting society's expectation for self perfection by doing something entirely pointless) - the possibilities are endless.
Nudity would not be a taboo, so if it's not too cold clothes would probably be none, or if the climate requires just something regular not-gendered.
As for religion fertility is often an important element. So mitosis might be considered holy and there might be rituals built around it. On the other hand reproduction might be taken for granted aswell- maybe rather centering knowledge aquisition for a religious cult or not being very religious.
So societies could differ a lot within that species, I disagree that it would automatically be a lower developed culture, since there is a lot more to people and their motives than sex and sex alone.