If a feudal alien had automation, their political system despite coming from a ancient times may stick around if the elite have a hand in it. Your species, if they're traditionalist or reactionary enough may try to suppress the creation of robots to plow in the fields because they may believe that robot made food is inferior to "food made from labor" for instance. I am not one to believe in a forward/backward system for culture, so I am looking at this question through the lens of "rapid change in tech from a feudal society to a 21st century, automation-centric society in <100 years".
For instance, let's say that the Aztecs suddenly invented telescopes, galleys and trains. These technologies in theory might make the Aztecs stop their tradition of human sacrifice, right? With advancement in scientific knowledge, surely the aztecs must see how savage they're being!
Cultural developments can be quite resistant to scientific revelations and usually it may take generations for "updating of the culture" (a term that is a bit soulless, I know) to occur, if ever. The aztecs, even if they had spaceships may well continue their human sacrifice. Why, they may start directly feeding people to the sun itself ritually using ceremonial spacecraft if their priests make the case for it.
In our world consider modern Islam in the middle east. Islamists in the arab world, despite "the modern world" are quite avid in trying to make god-made law the norm and enforced like secular law by the state (despite shariah being a muslim only obligation) and will continue to do so because they have no reason to suddenly renounce their beliefs. Why would they? Just because iPhones now are a thing? Saudi Arabia may have oil and make use of cars, but politically the only changes made are changes designed to keep the status quo despite development of technologies that undermine a state's control of information. Technology may influence culture, but it doesn't inexplicably change it and conservative cultures undoubtedly will do anything they can to limit the impact of technology on traditions. In the west liberalization and secular thought were concepts that came from the enlightenment and neoclassic periods, centuries before the industrial revolution or the world we live in. Mind that the concept of secularism or liberal democracy in the West hasn't eroded people's faith in Christianity in the slightest until much more recently. And that's only due to a cynical EU that had suffered massive amounts of death in the first part of the 20th century.
A alien species that is highly conservative, but rapid innovating technologically will likely adapt the technology to their culture instead of adapting their culture to new technology. Their technological development may incidentally reflect this, because technological developments are more influenced by culture than the other way around. Information Age technology for instance, being the product of a increased need to connect to a global society.
italics = sarcasm