I want to write a Story about a medieval village This Village is plagued by a lot of misfortunes and as people are they blame it on witches but i am having a hard Time finding good occurences. The Thing is: They need to be explainable by a medieval science guy and the explanations does not have to be correct but belivable by "sience" and some wishfull thinking that magic does not exist.
Just about anything could be blamed on witches, including a stillborn calf, a bad year for crops, an accidental fire, or a plague. During the witch hunts, Witches were blamed for just about anything that went wrong. Most of these things are just bad things that happen sometimes, but people really like having someone to blame for their misfortune. and the trouble with this is that even if you can find a definite cause, the folks might still blame the witch.
Say a cow knocks a lantern over and burns down half of Chicago (which actually happened once, by the way.) The people might blame a witch for the fire. If someone discovers what really happened, the people might still blame the witch for jinxing the lantern to fall over.
In most cases, though, there won't be a clear, underlying cause; the event will have been caused by multiple things far outside of anyone's control. A bad harvest might be caused by a drought, which might have been caused by unusually weak winds that year. The townsfolk likely won't be super happy with that answer; they want a specific person to blame.
You might be better off concentrating -- as those who opposed witch-hunting often did -- on the difficulties of proving that a person is a witch responsible for a given harm.
For instance, take a storm that ruined crops or sank a ship. We would be hard put nowadays to prove that a storm was not caused by witchcraft. But rigorous judges would demand answers to question such as these:
- How do you know that storm was not a natural occurrence?
- If you have evidence that it was not natural, how do you know it was caused by witchcraft rather than divine intervention, or a devil's work?
- If you have evidence that it was witchcraft, do you have evidence that this person was the witch responsible?
Those who claimed that a witch could not do things would do so on theological grounds, not scientific. For instance, the Church taught that it was impossible for a witch to affect the weather.