Recently, I decided to work on scientifically plausible superhumans that would have to be quite different from ordinary people from an anatomical point of view and be many times smarter than us.
So one of the main features of this kind of new person would have to be multitasking and simultaneously planning several things at once. So I decided to work on the structure of their central nervous system to give them this very multitasking, but not to make them have a split personality. Why, after some thought, I decided to divide their brains into certain modules, and this is where it became important for me to find out how scientifically viable my idea is: in other words, could it work in reality?
Modules are analogous to human brain regions. Each of them is relatively separate and performs its own type of thinking, to which it is adapted and trained. As many types of thinking, so many modules. Modules similar in function and structure are located side by side and form zones. Different zones have different communication intensity between modules. This is a conventional unit — the modules are not separated from each other anatomically. Let's say it's like aggregates in a microprocessor that perform different functions, but are located on the same chip.
So, the chronus forms a separate independent zone from one module. It has the smallest possible ratio of external dendrites to axons — it generates a signal, but does not receive it. For him, all the conditions are created for the most accurate time counting, due to which my superhumans can count down the seconds and make a mistake on one only on the second day. And there are areas in which intermodular communication is so intense that it even bypasses the human-this is the linguistic zone in which thought is formed.
Due to this, this type of people has three main types of memory :
Short-term. This is the memory that is formed from the active connections between the modules of the brain. As a matter of fact, it stores consciousness. The short-term memory of sophonts is more than human, and can operate with 32 criteria at the same time ( the figure is taken from the ceiling, you can substitute any one you like here ), while for a person this figure does not exceed 9. And if we take into account the time memory, the consciousness of sophonts is practically unlimited. An important role in the formation of consciousness in sophonts is played by the morphes module of the brain, which regulates the intensity of intermodular connections. It is closely related to the iprus module, which is directly connected to the VNS, and the chronos module, which acts as an oscillator and chronogroph, allowing for the most accurate time counting. Morfes determines the microsn of modules, the derivation of criteria from short-term memory to temporary memory, the size of short-term memory (roughly speaking, the size of the focus of neurons involved in it) and the lifetime of the criterion, distortion (time perception ).
Temporary. This type of memory is located in the most superficial layer of the cerebral cortex. The receptors of its neurons have the highest sensitivity, and therefore information is quickly recorded, but it can not be held for long – after sleep, all temporary memory is cleared, and valuable fragments fall into long-term memory. It contains all the criteria that are being thought about. Modules can only communicate via temporary memory. In it, all information contains meta-data that determines its type: a fragment (semi-processed information that will still be worked on), a code (which carries service information, for example, a command to output from a microsn), a buffer (information that will be useful soon) , and so on. Temporary memory allows you to store an unlimited amount of information for an indefinite, but finite period of time.
Long-term memory. In general, it is no different from the human one. The older the information, the deeper the layers of the cortex it is recorded. If the memory is not overwritten, it is erased, and new data is written on top of it. This allows you to clear the memory of old slags over time.
How does the thinking of sophonts work? Imagine a situation where the sophont saw the formula. It is processed in the semantic part of the visual cortex. From it, a request is sent to morfes. It generates an instruction: it sends a sequence of codes to the ALM, according to which the ALM creates an empty process with a given priority, establishes an area for the clipboard in the temporary memory, and says from which register of the temporary memory of the ZK you need to extract data. The ALM addresses the ZK with a copy request, passes the register, and semantic information is sent to it. It contains attributes that are passed to the process. In this case, it is "save the result of calculations before the request, do not save it in the DP (wait for the request, do not go to sleep), do not store the original data after the request (it is not deleted, it is not stored in the DP)" , and so on. The ALM calculates the result for a long time, but when it is completed, the status of the process changes from " in progress "to"completed". The result is written to the new clipboard. The process execution code and the memory register where the result is stored are sent to morfes. Sophont can refer to the answer when it is convenient for him. What is most interesting, it just gets the answer and does not participate in the decision in any way. He may even fall asleep, but ALM will not fall asleep, but will perform calculations.
Explanation of abbreviations:
ALM-algebra-logic module ZK-visual cortex DP — long-term memory ( similar to VP and CP )