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Suppose that in an alternate universe, Earth has an axial tilt not of 23.5 degrees, but 42. This means that from the equator, tropical climates with binary seasons (wet and dry) would persist from as far north as Spain to as far down south as Tasmania. And tropical zones tend to have 12 hours of sunshine per day every day.

An Earth with an axial tilt of 42 degrees means that polar seasons would extend down to latitudes 48 degrees. Translation--certain areas of France to the north and Patagonia to the south would experience three months without darkness ("midnight sun") and four months without sunshine.

Which means that the temperate zones span a measly six degrees of latitude per hemisphere. This might affect how much light it'd receive per day at any given time of the year, so in an alternate Earth standing at a tilt of 42 degrees, how would the seasons work in the temperate zones? Would they be no different from our temperate seasons, or would they be sub-polar (short nights in the summer followed by short days in the winter)?

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  • $\begingroup$ three months without darkness ("midnight sun") and four months without sunshine both North and South? $\endgroup$ – L.Dutch - Reinstate Monica Dec 26 '20 at 4:26
  • $\begingroup$ @L.Dutch-ReinstateMonica Didn't I say that? $\endgroup$ – JohnWDailey Dec 26 '20 at 10:42
  • $\begingroup$ It doesn't sound right, that's why I am asking $\endgroup$ – L.Dutch - Reinstate Monica Dec 26 '20 at 11:20

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