I have been reading about fatalism: the belief that all events are predetermined and therefore inevitable. It made me consider designing a fictional civilization based around fatalism, but with the twist that this deterministic attitude would cause people of said civilization to be more willing to take risks and accept any kind of injury or near death experience as simply part of the grand design of fate. Are there any civilizations in history that have functioned on a similar philosophy from their citizens or rulers that I can use for inspiration (functioned in this case meaning lasted at least 150 years while maintaining a fatalistic daredevil attitude throughout this existence)? The closest thing I could find was the Aztecs under the fatalistic Montezuma II, but their civilization collapsing almost immediately afterward his rule due to factors like Spanish conquest and disdain from neighboring tribes, so there is no evidence that Montezuma's fatalistic belief system would have been sustainable in the long run.
There are plenty of examples of fatalism in governments right now.
Saudi Arabia’s top religious leader has said that the Hajj stampede which killed 717 pilgrims was beyond human control, official media reported on the final day of this year’s pilgrimage.
The stampede was the worst disaster in a quarter-century to strike the annual event and drew fierce criticism of the Saudi authorities’ handling of safety, particularly from regional rival Iran.
“As for the things that humans cannot control, you are not blamed for them. Fate and destiny are inevitable,” the sheikh told the prince, who is also minister of interior.
Even with the increasing numbers, South Dakotans shouldn’t expect the messaging around the coronavirus pandemic coming out of the state capitol to change.
That’s because Gov. Kristi Noem, who since March has rejected the idea of forcing people to stay home, closing businesses and requiring that masks be worn in public, said Monday that a rising number of new COVID-19 cases was an expected inevitability.
“I won’t be changing my recommendations that I can see in the near future,” Noem said while speaking at a Sioux Falls Rotary event Monday afternoon at the Washington Pavilion in downtown Sioux Falls. “I think this is where we expected we would be. None of this is a surprise.”
Fatalism is a fine doctrine for governments that do not want to address certain problems - usually for reasons of expense although perhaps sometimes for reasons of sociopolitical solidarity. A disinclination to learn from poor outcomes (both your own and those of others) does not preclude striving to make things better or striving to accomplish new things. It just means it will take more tries to get it right.
As one of the people above mentioned, one civilization that might meet the criteria of 150 years and fatalistic is the Great Seljuq Empire. It lasted for 157 years from 1037 AD to 1194 AD. In 1194, it was replaced by the Khwarezmian Empire. The empire was an important part of the first & second crusade and fought constant battles to conquer eastern Anatolia. The empire expanded and, according to an academic paper called THE POLITICAL FORCES BEHIND SECULARISM AND ISLAMIC CONSERVATISM IN TURKEY: "A Socio-historic Interpretation", said empire imposed fatalism (by adding Islamic fatalistic philosophy into the educational system and having it imposed on those who entered the military) & polygamy upon their citizens. The empire, due to this Islamic fatalism, fought constant wars and played a key role in the first and second crusades. Omar Khayyam, a famous scholar under the empire, even taught a form of "a fatalism based on his fears of mortality and earthly impermanence" according to the Encyclopedia of the Literature of Empire by Mary Ellen Snodgrass.