Picture an earth-mass, breathable atmosphere planet; tidally locked to a red dwarf; orbiting far enough out that the dayside is not scorching; and with no planet-wide liquid oceans (but probably local seas or lakes, and possibly nightside ice).
I've read information about oceanic, earth-like tidally locked planets, but I haven't seen anything about planets with no oceans. Could portions of this planet's dayside be habitable? What would its climate look like?
My concerns about habitability are:
Without large oceans to circulate heat, day-night temperature differences might be extreme enough to cause hurricane-force winds, frozen night-side air, etc.
Water might get frozen and trapped on the nightside, without oceans to move it back to the dayside. This probably depends on atmospheric patterns, which I don't fully understand despite some research - I have two possible scenarios below:
Habitable dayside scenario: High altitude nightside air would cool, sink, then warm adiabatically, absorbing water. It would then move to the dayside, heat up, rise, then release water and cool.
Desert dayside scenario: High altitude nightside air would cool and sink, but the extreme temperature difference would negate adiabatic warming and cause it to cool further, releasing water. It would then move to the dayside and heat up, absorbing water and carrying it away to the nightside.
Also, is the coriolis force relavent for tidally locked planets? I intuitively don't think so because of the very slow rotation speed, but I've read about coriolis effects on Venus despite it's near-0 rotation.