I'm building a medieval-high-fantasy world and I want it to have two suns. I'd like it to make it somewhat realistic at least as far as seasons and light/biomes go, while the actual feasibility of this kind of binary system can kinda be handwaved away. I also would like the two stars to be different, in the following example I opted for a yellow-reddish sun and a white one.
I'll make a few assumptions:
- the Earth has an 8-shaped orbit around two stars, A and B, as detailed in this answer on Physics.SE
- the planet's orbit is on the same plane as the two stars
- the Earth's axial tilt relative to the orbit's plane is the same as our current one
- A is a white star similar to Altair (~1.75M⊙, ~10L⊙)
- B is a yellow dwarf (~1.25M⊙, ~1.2L⊙)
- the two stars are roughly distant 3 AU from each other (I'm not really fixated on this, you can change this value as you wish if it helps in any way)
My first question is: would this configuration be tolerable and able to support life on the planet, or would there be problems (e.g. the white star being far too luminuous)? If not, what are some things I could change to make it viable and still have two suns that look different?
If it is viable, here's my main questions:
- what would seasons and average temperatures be like on the planet?
My best guess is that each hemisphere would have two summers and one winter per year. E.g. the northern hemisphere would be in summer when the planet and the stars are aligned as A-B-Pl, would be in winter when they're aligned as Pl-A-B, and would be in strong summer when they're aligned as A-Pl-B (during which both hemispheres are in summer). I also suppose that the planet's revolution speed would be at its slowest when the planet is between the two stars. Would this setup make any areas on Earth less habitable for humans? more so?
EDIT: I'm only interested in how it would affect human life (climate + how they experience seasons) and in keeping suspension of disbelief, I don't want a 100% realistical solution completely rooted in physics, I just want help in making it so that I can explain the seasons and the look of the stars to a group of TTRPG players without them raising an eyebrow :)
As far as the biomes and temperatures part goes, everything I ask for is something along the lines of "the planet will have a mega-summer in the northern hemisphere when it's located XXX, reaching average temperatures of roughly YY°C (+Z°C than what we see on Earth)". Even a simple percentage increase/decrease in temperature is totally fine.