In my world there's this city that is primarily based upon sub-Saharan African Islamic architecture and culture, but it's on the coast connecting the rest of the world to the continent. It's the center for trade and is in a somewhat defensible position. Due to this it has traded hands over a lot over a long time.
(The following dates are only meant to convey the frequency of conquest, since this isn't Earth:)
1000 Taken over by a Roman-ish empire.
1040 taken back by traditional sub-Saharan African Islamic empire
1080 Taken by same Roman-ish empire
1150 rebellion from Roman-ish empire and is now independent with a monarchy
1200 retaken by African Islamic empire
16 years later the city is now under the threat of being retaken again by the same old Roman-ish empire (now with a matriarchal monarchy instead of a senate). How would the people feel about being conquered again and how would the culture in the city be different from everywhere else?