I'm making an alternate colonial scenario, and it comes with its own client states, settlements, and other things that the coloniser must have a name for. Historically, those names were often according to a format. For example:
- New [place from home country]
- New Amsterdam/York, New Zealand, New South Wales
- [discoverer] [classifier]
- Stewart Island, Bering Strait, Cook Islands
- [important person]-ia
- Virginia, Columbia, Louisiana
- [Bastardised native term]
- Yucatan, Canada, Mexico
An exhaustive list of those formats can probably be made, but that would be a question for History.SE. My question is more broadly; what considerations does a coloniser have in naming their colony? Was it inevitable that Mexico be named Mexico, or could it have been named Carlosia in another timeline, after the then Spanish king?
From the in-universe perspective, what names make the most sense for a colonist under what circumstances? Or is it just a matter of chance and personal preference which format is used?