Apparently the Biology stack doesn't like theoreticals. :P
I'm looking into the sci-fi trope of floating plants via some sort of equivalent of a kelp's pneumatocysts, and the biggest issue to overcome seems to be that of lift gas storage. Methane is a big enough molecule that many organic substances can hold it securely, but produces little lift. Hydrogen and helium provide much more lift, but will permeate through just about anything, including most metals, polymers and even many dielectrics. The closest thing I can find would be a naturally-produced rubber via plant sap and ammonia, but I fear that its permeability would by far outstrip the hydrogen-production ability of hydrogen-producing algae. Is there a lightweight, naturally-secreted substance that can hold helium or hydrogen more effectively than organic rubber?
Note: I am past the needs of this question asking about the feasibility of lift gas: science is currently trying to figure out how to ramp it up to industrial scale. Likewise, I'm not asking for the evolutionary pathway to this end product like here and here. Just organic substances that fit my use-case.