Between the two, which would make more sense for the federal government to have control over 17 years after zombies and a virus both wiped out 82% of mankind? What map would be more realistic if the government wanted to retake and liberate the entire country?
Also, because I know people are gonna bring it up:
Washington was initially abandoned by the government but in the city, there were stranded soldiers, sailors, Marines, airmen, and Coast Guardsmen as well as various federal and city law enforcement officers who all formed a joint coalition to try and hold onto the city while fighting zombies, gangs, and marauders. After a year in hiding, the government reorganized itself and with whatever remaining military forces still under its command, the government came back into Washington and liberated the city.
President Obama worked to expand federal control. He consolidated federal control in the old borders of DC before expanding the borders to one of the maps above.
My zombies; the majority of zombies in my world are like the Walking Dead and World War Z zombies where they’re slow and move in herds/hordes whenever possible. However, they’re all capable of increasing their speed up to a regular jogging level if needed. A new type of zombies (named the “Enforcer” class) has also been discovered. They’re physically stronger than the regular zombies and also have the mental capacity of a 6-7 year old (however, they cannot speak). They’re also much more aggressive and can take control of a group of zombies. Enforcers are also able to utilize basic tactics and strategies, such as luring people in or “ordering” zombie groups to attack in waves.
The government is based in Washington for practical and symbolic reasons. The infrastructure is already there to support a federal government and holding onto Washington gives the government legitimacy since they’re now in possession of important national symbols like the White House, the Capitol, Supreme Court, and National Mall as well as historical artifacts like the Freedom Documents.