Is it possible for a planetary system to form and support life similar to earth-life inside a region of 'timespace' (which is the space within a black-hole), assuming that there is enough space/time for a habitable orbit and for life to evolve into complex forms.
Could life similar to life on earth exist and evolve in a large enough region of timespace?
2$\begingroup$ Does this worldbuilding.stackexchange.com/q/10153/30492 answers your question? $\endgroup$– L.Dutch ♦May 14, 2020 at 12:36
$\begingroup$ No, as that question asks about a planet orbitin the singularity, rather than orbiting a star inside the black hole $\endgroup$– Ichthys KingMay 14, 2020 at 13:22
$\begingroup$ As far as anyone knows, there aren't any stars or planets or anything else inside the black hole, any more than there are planets inside stars. All that's inside the black hole is... the black hole. $\endgroup$– CadenceMay 14, 2020 at 13:52
$\begingroup$ @IchthysKing: The difficulty with a habitable planet orbiting a star inside the black hole is the HABITABLE part. Not the STAR part. $\endgroup$– DaronMay 14, 2020 at 14:01
1$\begingroup$ We simply do not know what happens after the event horizon, which makes your question impossible to answer. $\endgroup$– OneSaltyAceTankerMay 14, 2020 at 14:04
According to the fundamental gravitational collapse models , an event horizon forms before the singularity of black hole. If all the stars in the Milky Way would gradually aggregate towards the galactic center while keeping their proportionate distances from each other, they will all fall within their joint Schwarzschild radius long before they are forced to collide.
... In realistic stellar black holes, spaghettification occurs early: tidal forces tear materials apart well before the event horizon. However, in supermassive black holes, which are found in centers of galaxies, spaghettification occurs inside the event horizon. A human astronaut would survive the fall through an event horizon only in a black hole with a mass of approximately 10,000 solar masses or greater.
So, yes, it is possible to have solar systems inside the event horizon of super-hyper massive blackholes. In respect with the evolution of life... it's hard to tell, for a galaxy-wide black hole to form, the density of stars should be quite high. Which means the radiation from unruly neighboring stars is way higher and the impact of a supernova is felt (due to the smaller distance) much stronger.
One interesting question would be if it is possible to have black holes inside (suppa-duppa massive) black holes.
$\begingroup$ But, what if the planet was in an isolated black hole, so that radiation and supernovae are less of an issue? $\endgroup$ May 14, 2020 at 14:56