Those of you who are familiar with the DC Comics hero Firestorm know that he can alter the chemical structure of any form of inorganic matter, provided he knows the chemical equation. In my story, I want to make a character similar to this, but perhaps from a more believable standpoint.
To be honest, I'm not that knowledgeable in chemistry (yeah I know, then why am I asking, right?), but I do know that chemical reactions are used to make chemical compounds and rearrange atoms. For my character's power, let's say they don't have to worry about the energy requirements to remotely manipulate atoms and molecules, but still have to take into account the other laws of physics, such as conservation of matter, and the different types of atomic bonds (ionic, metallic, and covalent). I assume that because every element has its own atomic number, its own electron configuration, its own atomic weight, its own crystal structure, and its own physical state, etc, this would make the manipulation more complicated. I also know that because of these specifications, it'd be harder to transmute one element or compound into another element or compound. There is also the chance of radiation being produced because of this, which could be deadly
I know to you guys, it probably sounds I'm overlooking a lot of basic chemistry or atomic principles, but please bear with me. My question is ultimately what would need to happen for any form of matter to transform into another form of matter while upholding the laws of physics (except the energy requirement and the fact that it can be done remotely through the mind) and what would the results or consequences from doing such be?