I'm working on colony development. The word is similar to the earth around 5000–4000 B.C. and humans basically known how to hunt, farm, build houses/structures and share their knowledge between them and their kids.
We have a group of these people (let's say around 300) who wants to build a sustainable colony starting from almost nothing. They have enough food (but not usable seeds) and water for some weeks, rudimentary clothes, a small amount of basic tools and some flints/firestones. So they shouldn't be dead for the next few weeks :)
I'd like to know what kind of environment is the most favorable for them? What are the most important resources to gather and farm in order to properly start this colony?
I thought about a large forest in a moderate climate (Mediterranean?). They could find water sources, gather berries, hunt wild animals, get wood for houses and fire, and rocks for their tools. Do you see a better place to start?
If you had to select the ~5–10 most useful/mandatory raw resources (fitting in the same environment), what would you choose?