Well, they are primates, so you are almost there anyway. The evolutionary pressures are almost there. Many primates use some tools and live in family like social groups, so you have two of what are considered primary features of a sapient race already.
What we need to apply is some of the pressures that made Humanity Human. One of the things I always go to is that Humans are hugely adaptive to their environment. We have managed to spread across so many different biomes as a single species because we are capable of using tools to modify our environment to suit our needs. If we get thirsty, we can either seek water or dig wells. If it gets cold we make tents, light fires, and put on the skins of what we ate last week. We figured out we could take the stick we used to kill a small animal and tie a rock to it, so we could kill a bigger animal. How do we spur that development?
In order to build the kind of adaptability, the species needs to remember a lot of disparate information and it needs to be able to synthesize and communicate that as well.
Make the Biome they come from highly variable. Maybe a confluence of multiple biomes. A forest bordering on a swamp on one side and a grassland on the other. Each biome has something the Vanara needs to thrive. Each biome has it's own foods and predators, and the predators have a varied number of ways to kill the Vanara. This is a lot of varied information that the species needs to internalize. Maybe this will spur the development of a good long term memory. It should also spur a degree of adaptability.
Next, they need to communicate what they know to the next generation. This will take some time. Humans don't reach full development for a very long time. If your Vanara do something similar, you can easily pass the knowledge needed for survival to the next genereation.
I know there is a whole host of other factors, but these are the most likely to me.