Respirocytes are an artificial analogue of red blood cells. Tiny sapphire capsules that can absorb oxygen in the lungs and release it in the capillaries. From the capillaries to the lungs, they, in turn, deliver carbon dioxide. Only respirocytes are hundreds of times more effective than ordinary red blood cells - each of them is able to carry much more oxygen molecules. An injection of fifty cubic centimeters of solution is enough to replace the entire volume of human blood (5 liters) in terms of transport efficiency. If you replace one liter of blood with a solution of respirocytes, the subject will be able to forego breathing for up to four hours.
Here's a page on Ray Kurzweil's website talking about them as a link and explaining where these numbers come from:
https://www.kurzweilai.net/respirocytes ( More detailed description of respirocytes: https://foresight.org/Nanomedicine/Respirocytes1.html#Tab2 )
My question is: how can I biologically create the above-mentioned "respirocytes" as another type of red blood cells (completely replacing them)?
That is, is it possible to grow biological analogues of respirocytes by means of certain biological mechanisms ( similar to the formation of bones)?
Yes, most likely, sapphire and diamond can not be used as a building material for respirocytes of biological origin, for a number of reasons. Therefore is it possible to replace sapphire with some other more affordable material, but still able to withstand high pressure (more than 50-70 atmospheres)?
It is also interesting to learn how to create "clottocytes" biologically. Clottocytes, for example, replacing the "native" human platelets achieve bleeding cessation (artificial fast-acting hemostasis) in 1 second, and the bleeding can be quite extensive (physical tissue damage) or small internal. At the same time, the concentration of artificial platelets is 100 times less than natural ones. That is, clottocytes are 10,000 times more effective than the natural analog, since the time of normal thrombogenesis varies from 5 to 17 minutes.