This is a submission for the Anatomically Correct Series

roaming vast deserts some characteristics of my Behemoths include:

  • being slightly larger than Paraceratherium
  • having longer forelimbs than hindlimbs
  • are herbivores
  • having a warthog like mane (optional)
  • having an ox like head
  • having elephant like tusks
  • having a long tail (optional)

Given these characteristics, what species could the Behemoth have evolved from, and what evolutionary pressures would lead to such a being?

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    $\begingroup$ Anatomically correct series... once again... $\endgroup$ – L.Dutch - Reinstate Monica Feb 23 at 16:02
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    $\begingroup$ icewar1908 you have submitted a lot of these in a very short time. I like your enthusiasm but consider pacing yourself. A little time in between might find readers rested and more enthusiastic for your next. $\endgroup$ – Willk Feb 23 at 20:54

So basically a steppe mammoth.

![enter image description here

They fulfill all your criteria

-Herbivore, check

-Front limbs longer than back limbs, big check

-Tusks, huge check

-Long tail, well long for a large mammal, plus there is no reason you could not use a slighlty modified one with a longer tail, just say it is sexual selection.

-Ox like head, well minus horns anyway.

-Similiar in size to Paraceratherium, check (see below)

![enter image description here

they already roamed a near desert, the steppe, not all deserts are hot, but adapting them for a hotter setting is easy, elephants already live in the savannah. the ability to find and dig for water makes elephants very good at dealing with dry conditions. the fact they can knock down tree to eat everything on them helps. As a bonus they coexisted with humans so having them still around is not a big stretch.

If you don't want to use mammoths exactly. try basing it on our good friend Dienotherium, nearly the same size, there are several other very weird Proboscidea to choose from.

enter image description here

I also feel I should share some art of someone who has taken a slightly fantasy variant on mammoths you may find appealing.

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  • $\begingroup$ thanks but i wonder if it might to lose some of its hair to cope with the hot desert. $\endgroup$ – icewar1908 Feb 23 at 17:42
  • $\begingroup$ Like I said elephants like in hot arid environments just lose hte hair and make the ears bigger. $\endgroup$ – John Feb 23 at 23:07

Not to be cheeky but. . .

Your Behemoths evolved from Paraceratherium (Indricotherium)

enter image description here

The main difficulty is these guys living in the desert. Presumably they roamed the savanah where there was much more food for a large animal. Modern desert animals tend to be small.

I propose they do not live full-time in the desert but are migratory. They move from savanah to savanah, eating everything in sight and then making week-long voyages through the desert to the next location. Their size helps with these voyages, where they go a long time without eating or drinking. The tusks evolved first for digging up roots, and then for upending entire trees so they can eat the entire thing bark and all. The other changes needed are largely cosmetic.

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  • $\begingroup$ Cheeky! ...I see what you did there... $\endgroup$ – David Hambling Feb 23 at 16:28
  • $\begingroup$ @DavidHambling: Huh? $\endgroup$ – Daron Feb 23 at 16:31
  • $\begingroup$ that species was mentioned in the question... $\endgroup$ – David Hambling Feb 23 at 16:35
  • $\begingroup$ Paraceratherium do not have tusks. $\endgroup$ – John Feb 23 at 16:42
  • $\begingroup$ @John: Cool, edited! $\endgroup$ – Daron Feb 23 at 16:44

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