Broken-Backed War Theory
Broken-Backed War Theory is a form of conflict that could happen after a massive nuclear exchange. Assuming that all participants have not been annihilated, there may arise a scenario unique to military strategy and theory, one in which all or some of the parties involved strive to continue fighting until the other side is completely defeated.
This theory was created very early in The Cold War, when it was possible that a full nuclear exchange wouldn't be enough to take out either country fully. Even then this theory was highly controversial but it was given serious consideration.
While prominent military strategists like Bernard Brodie argued that this form of conflict may be impractical simply because it is almost impossible to plan for, Colonel Virgil Ney argued for a modest construction of underground facilities and infrastructure for such an event.
Plan created before the collapse
General concepts to consider inline with thinking related to Broken Backed War Theory and Natural Disaster Response. These will be based on the assumption that some remnants of society remain:
- Build shelters, you need people to survive any sort of apocalypse that occurs. It is recommended these are below ground level or ground level in buildings with more than 10 floors. For urban areas subway systems were often designed to double as shelters. In Switzerland large communal shelters were made under existing through mountain tunnels.
- Generally it isn't recommended to rely electronics, as these will be disabled by an electromagnetic pulse.
- Food and water - who knows how available these things will be after an apocalyptic event. (You dont have to go nuts, just enough to let groups survive a couple days until they can figure out a plan to get more. You will never be able to feed everyone forver)
- Modern tools such as steel picks, steel axes, steel shovel, swiss army knife (massive time saver), duct-tape and zip-ties, rescue equipment, various kinds of personal protective equipment, medical equipment, guns and lots of bullets.
- Medical training, teaching people basic medical care skills will go a long way. (I think the American Boy Scouts were created for this)
- Rescue training, knowing how to extricate trapped people in rubble or transport an injured person from an unsafe spot to a safe spot, will go a long way in increasing the life expectancy of the surviving humans.
- Defense training, so people can use the guns to possibly hunt or just for basic defense.
- Transportation will be very valuable but among the things listed, maybe the hardest to provide. Conventional fuel would be limited by how much you can store. I would personally opt for something like an off-road bicycle.
Biases (since this is a highly opinion based answer)
- My High School Mentor went to Florida (from Connecticut) for 2 months to help with relief efforts after Hurricane Irma
- I am certified as an Emergency Medical Technician and have friends who work full time as EMTs and Firefighters.
- While neutral on gun control, I do firearms engineering as a hobby.