In my galaxy, I need a planet that is far enough away from its star to be relatively cold compared to Earth, but not so cold that liquid water cold not exist.
The planet has 2 continents, 1 northern and one southern. The southern continent's southern tip is around where the tropic of capricorn is on Earth, and its northern tip is basically the equator. However, the southern continent still only enjoys a Mediterranean climate in its warmest areas. The northern continent starts at around where the tropic of cancer would be on Earth and ends at around where the US state of North Carolina would be on Earth. The northern continent is highly mountainous and generally has a frigid subarctic climate similar to that of Scandinavia or northern Canada.
How far would this planet have to be from its star, assuming that both the star and the planet are about the size of our sun and Earth respectively and that the planet has an Earth-like atmosphere?