If the native "rock" of your planet had a high enough concentration of iron... and the surface layers of that rock had long since degraded to small pebbles, dusts and rust deposits... and there were high speed sandstorms frequently... and concomitant lightning... (as stated in an earlier answer, this does mostly preclude the entire planet always being a frozen ball) you might see such huge magnetic flux being generated in those storms to drive signal-to-noise ratios beyond acceptable limits without huge resource expenditures.
For non weather based lightning, look to the red lightning often generated during pyroclastic flows in volcanic eruptions (I still vividly remember seeing that as a kid when St. Helens blew) as huge volumes of silica dust are driven at extreme speed - there is still much discussion about whether the primary mechanism is triboelectric or fractoemission - see Wikipedia Volcanic Lightning for more details.
But - frame challenge here - I think a better, simpler dodge would be that there are life-forms on this hell-hole planet, and they are somewhat equivalent to whale-sized moles in that to avoid surface exposure they live an entirely subterranean existence: their food source is mineral, their cellular biology is silicon-sulfide-cyanide based, and they communicate, albeit not in a sophisticated manner (they are not high sophonts, unlike our whales) via RF broadcasts, on a medium wide frequency range, at incredibly high output power. Think whale songs on Earth, rebounding and echoing a low frequencies all across the planet's oceans. Not only are their actual signals both disruptive and unpredictable, the mineral deposits in the planet's outer crust often interact with that huge RF dump when a whale-mole is close by, generating secondary signals, huge static charges etc etc. They frequency shift as they feel they need to reach each other across varying distances, with no regard for what others may need those frequencies for, because they neither can imagine others using that RF for anything besides bellowing about food, mates or territory, nor change their primarily instinctive behaviour were they aware of our colonist's attempted use of RF.
Or if you prefer them to be more whale like (that is sophonts we just don't understand) perhaps to them the RF is a sacred space for poetry about the beauty of the radioactive deposits they migrate between in their unceasing peregrinations through the lava-tube filled, unstable crust of their world... and so any aliens trying to use it for comms would need to be either drowned out in volume and beauty, taught not to profane the sacred RF, or crushed to rubble beneath a self-sacrificing whale-mole's capacious flanks.
Just a couple quick ideas - hope some of this helps somehow!