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Other than honey from bees and silk from silkworms, were there other instances where insects were "domesticated" and put to use? Or even if insects and their derivatives were collected from the wild and used?

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    $\begingroup$ Welcome to Worldbuilding! Sorry to redirect you so quickly, but would History.SE be a good place to ask this? How does it relate to Worldbuilding? $\endgroup$ – John Locke Sep 8 '18 at 0:45
  • $\begingroup$ Does eating insects (whether wild, or bred) count? $\endgroup$ – abarnert Sep 8 '18 at 0:45
  • $\begingroup$ Also, have you consulted Wikipedia? From a quick glance, they mention wax and lacquer in addition to your honey and silk, and they also mention things like eating insects, and have links to a number of other articles. $\endgroup$ – abarnert Sep 8 '18 at 0:48
  • $\begingroup$ If other invertebrates are fair game, as implied by some of the answers, oysters and their pearls should qualify. $\endgroup$ – Luís Henrique Sep 10 '18 at 14:55
  • $\begingroup$ @JohnLocke Sorry I was looking for ways to create interesting flora and fauna in my world, specifically insect derived products because they are often amazing and overlooked. Like Shellac and Silk. We do not get such materials from any vertebrate. Just looking for inspiration from history, $\endgroup$ – Sid Datta Oct 23 '18 at 19:35
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Note, none of these insects were properly 'domesticated,' but they were harvested for their products and probably could have been domesticated.

Kermes

A red dye extracted from the insect Kermes vermillio. Native to the Mediterranean region and used to produce the cloth called "scarlet" in the Middle Ages. It was replaced by ...

Carmine

Another red dye from a related bug called cochineal, this one native to the New World. Imported to Europe and wider use during the Age of Discovery, but used by Native Americans at an 'ancient' technology level. It is still used to today, specifically since it is edible while chemically produced aniline dyes often aren't.

Shellac

Resin from the lac bug. The resin is dissolved in alcohol then brushed onto things as a glaze. Being bug-produced, also has the advantage of being edible over chemically derived glazes. As a wood finish, it was in common usage in the Western world until the 1930s.

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According to http://www.rnceus.com/mag/magdbtx.html, maggots have been used for wound debridement since (at least) the end of the Middle Ages.

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(As @a4android so rightly pointed out, leeches aren't insects. But... they're little, disgusting and my ex-wife would want me to kill!! kill!! kill!! them just like bugs.)

Leeches, specifically Hirudo medicinalis, the European medicinal leech, for bloodletting.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hirudo_medicinalis#Historically

The first description of leech therapy, classified as blood letting, is found in the Sushruta Samhita, an ancient Sanskrit medical text. It describes 12 types of leeches (6 poisonous and 6 non-poisonous). Diseases where leech therapy was indicated include skin diseases, sciatica, and musculoskeletal pains.

In medieval and early modern medicine, the medicinal leech (Hirudo medicinalis and its congeners H. verbana, H. troctina, and H. orientalis) was used to remove blood from a patient as part of a process to balance the humors that, according to Galen, must be kept in balance for the human body to function properly. (The four humors of ancient medical philosophy were blood, phlegm, black bile, and yellow bile.) Any sickness that caused the subject's skin to become red (e.g. fever and inflammation), so the theory went, must have arisen from too much blood in the body. Similarly, any person whose behavior was strident and sanguine was thought to be suffering from an excess of blood. Leeches were often gathered by leech collectors and were eventually farmed in large numbers. A unique 19th century 'Leech House' survives in Bedale, North Yorkshire on the bank of the Bedale Beck, used to store medicinal leeches until the early 20th century.

They're used my scientific medicine even now.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hirudo_medicinalis#Today

Medicinal leech therapy (also referred to as Hirudotherapy or Hirudin therapy) made an international comeback in the 1970s in microsurgery,[7][8] used to stimulate circulation to salvage skin grafts and other tissue threatened by postoperative venous congestion,[7][9] particularly in finger reattachment and reconstructive surgery of the ear, nose, lip, and eyelid.[8][10] Other clinical applications of medicinal leech therapy include varicose veins, muscle cramps, thrombophlebitis, and osteoarthritis, among many varied conditions.[11] The therapeutic effect is not from the small amount of blood taken in the meal, but from the continued and steady bleeding from the wound left after the leech has detached, as well as the anesthetizing, anti-inflammatory, and vasodilating properties of the secreted leech saliva.

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  • $\begingroup$ Leeches aren't insects. Apart from not having six legs, they're not even arthropods. Trouble is leeches are annelids or generally speaking worms. Otherwise this is a well-researched and well presented answer. It taught me therapeutic benefits of medicinal leeches, so it wasn't simply witch doctoring pretending to medicine. $\endgroup$ – a4android Sep 8 '18 at 5:54
  • $\begingroup$ @a4android yeah, they're worms... but "close enough for government work"! :) $\endgroup$ – RonJohn Sep 8 '18 at 6:10
  • $\begingroup$ They're nature's way of telling us we taste delicious. $\endgroup$ – a4android Sep 9 '18 at 9:45

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