I wrote a speculative science fiction novel in 2014, and last week I met a copy editor who suggested that I do some digging to find out how the society in which my character would be integrated would look like from a social, political, legal, etc perspective. Here's part of what my copyeditor said.
You say the story is set in the 2040s, but I see almost no evidence of that.... In a story set 20-30 years from now, there should be more advanced technology seen in everyday life, not just at the transhuman clinic, more effects of climate change, more social and political change, etc. It's not very plausible that your character would never have seen an electric car before, for instance. Think about your fictional history for the next 20 or 30 years and give hints about it here and there throughout the book.
The only things I made stand out was the medical lab with the ability to perform extremely advanced research that would be more plausible in the near future, but the society in which my characters are in is a lot like the society from today. I guess what I'm trying to get at is a way for me to write a novel without the exaggerations of the technology that is often associated with popular culture.
For a start, are there any predictable political or socioeconomic scenarios that might seem plausible?