Just as a disclaimer, I have very little knowledge on the science on all of this and have a very poor grasp on what is plausible and what isn't, but I suppose that's why I am here. I have a concept but have absolutely no idea how to make it make sense scientifically. Here is my concept:
My planet is Earth-like, very similar in size to earth or possibly even larger. I want it to go through three seasons. One season is extremely hot where wildfires engulf majority of the land and the temperatures soar. One season is extremely cold with intense tides and massive waves that freeze over the majority of the land. Then, the middle season in between those two which is what I'd describe as a Goldilocks zone, where the temperatures are similar to that on earth. There are humanoid civilizations that hibernate/live underground for the extreme seasons and live on top of land during the one middle season and have a magic system.
MAIN QUESTIONS: Would a planet of this intensity be able to sustain life? What would be required in the realm of the number of stars and the planets orbit for the climate I have mentioned to happen?
If anyone could help me, it would mean the world to me! Thank you :)