I doubt that any of you remember "the guy with the island". Basically, about 3 months ago, I asked a whole slew of questions that were preparatory for a book project.
Now, the book is very nearly finished, save for the last chapter, which states what befalls the island whose exploration was chronicled in the previous chapter. However, I'm not really sure of the protocol that would be undertaken in such a scenario.
Synopsis of the plot:
In 2019, a scientist comes across a massive island (The size of Spitsbergen) in the Indian ocean (at the top of the Ninety East Ridge) and notifies the president of his organization. An exploratory expedition is organized, and a week later, a team of experts land on the island and begin exploring. After 4 days, they discovery hundreds of new species.
However, they spot a helicopter flying overhead and follow it to where it lands. There, they are confronted by a group of armed men and betrayed by their own security team. They are brought to the facility which the helicopter belongs to and learn that a powerful oil-drilling corporation is exploiting the island's resources. They also learn how the island has remained "undiscovered"* for so long (See accepted answer). The oil corporation holds the scientists hostage, but they manage to escape captivity and notify their organization of the company's illegal activities, who in turn inform the authorities.
The oil corporation is disbanded by the American government and the team of scientists are collected and go back to civilization, with the specimens they collected.
TL;DR: A team of scientists explore a large island, discover hundreds of new species, expose an illegal oil drilling operation, and leave the island.
After these events, what are the standard international protocols for what would happen to the island? Taking into consideration:
- The island is very, very large
- It contains hundreds or thousands of new species, including megafauna, almost all of them undocumented by scientists
- It is rich in resources
- There is no other ecosystem like it on the planet
These criteria are a mix of either A) It would be a great piece of land to have in your country, and B) Its environment is fragile and untouched by humans, so should be protected. My question is: Are there any United Nations protocols or guidelines for the claiming, or lack of claiming, a newly found landmass, particularly one with a fragile ecosystem?
This new, edited question (Shown in bold) is no longer broad, it is a single, specific question.
*Many people have alluded to me that the island could not have remained undiscovered for so long. Perhaps you could just assume that it appeared by magic for the purpose of answering the question, BUT I would rather a realistic answer still. Please note that this question is not tagged reality-check.