First i'll introduce the settings, it's the same one as for my previous question (about currency).
It's happening in post-apocalyptic SE Europe (Balkans specifically), about 60-80 years from now. Strange genetic disease wiped out large portion of humanity in a matter of a few years. The rest of humanity killed and pillaged each other until our numbers were indeed few. The surviving humans have a genetic disorder which makes pregnancy harder.
Nature is, for an unknown reason to people, thriving, mutating, being more hostile to people. Wild plants are growing slightly faster, predators are bigger, stronger, smarter and more dangerous. Beside that there are the "wild ones", feral humans that live like animals. All this has made trade and traveling quite hard, but not impossible.
Cities are overgrown, forests are bigger.
People are living in smaller independent settlements (100-400 people), scattered, fortified. Bandits and roamers are common. Settlements are somewhat self sustaining, but still need to trade between each other, because resources they have access to are different. There is one specific settlement in the area, based around the old University, which harbors and preserves "old" technology and knowledge, and uses that knowledge as a commodity, fixing and making technological stuff for other settlements in exchange for food, protection, and so on.. There is no unified government or force, and all attempts do do such have failed.
Technology is somewhat preserved, but only partially. For example, people know what solar panels are, or that somehow electricity can be produced from a windmill, but only a very few people actually know how it works and the science behind it.
For the QUESTION - How would those people produce ammo for firearms? Ive done the research, and in this setting, without working and organized industry, chemistry behind production would be a problem.
After that much years passed, old reserves of ammo are almost depleted, and whats not depleted is getting bad, even the stuff safely stored. People need to make new ammunition.
Casings are not that much of a problem, nor is the propellant, all that can be made by mentioned limited technology, or even DIY...
The biggest problem is the primer. Production of that (on any scale, home or industry), requires advanced chemistry, materials and so on, and for these people simply not available. If i am wrong, and this is way simpler then it looks to me, please do say.
For examples sake, lets say that someone in the University settlement has above the average knowledge of chemistry (average bachelor student level, but far from Walter White level), so he knows what goes inside it from theoretical angle. And the surrounding is an overgrown hostile ruins of a city that used to have half a million people, so various things are possible to be scavenged.
If it comes that this is not possible on any level, or really really hard, I was thinking that what would happen is to technologically downgrade firearms, onto the technology level in the past that is able to function in this settings, and make production possible? Perhaps pre 1st World War rifles or something like it?
Any insight or ideas are helpful! Cheers