Ants are amazing little creatures. They work together to build massive colonies underground, jointly take down insects five times their size (occasionally going for small animals too). In my world (the idea is finally solidifying) Humans and Neanderthals (somehow with all of the specialists and collective knowledge of the late Industrial Age, Early technology age, think 1990's) have been dropped off on a pretty biologically dead planet compared to the Earth, and they are struggling to develop a culture and surviving.
The problem is, there is already a culture, a culture of giant, ant-like creatures, utilizing the same pheromonal communication method and hive behavior as Earth-ants. They roughly have a Modern-age society too, with all the capabilities of the people other than individuality
They (for the most part) have tamed their natural predators. My question is:
What would the obvious evolutionary obstacles faced by such a hive-minded collective be? What would be their motivation for increasing tech levels
How would such a hive minded society develop intelligence as a colony? Specifically what level of individualism is required to function as a modern society and still be considered a colony?
-What obvious and not so obvious types of conflicts would happen between:
As I mentioned, biological diversity is quite limited, and only a few hundred organisms exist planet-wide that are not toxic (to both humans and Insectoids). The humans were dropped off in an unexplored(unexplored because Insectoids don't like building colonies on islands because they have to dig deeper than when building inland) part of the planet in large numbers with basic rifles and tools. The basic rules the potential conflicts have to fall into are the following:
Humans and Neanderthals were dropped off on a massive Archipelago that doesn't suite the Insectoids, therefore remains uninhabited and unmonitored.
The drop off ship is extremely advanced cloaking device, and therefore was not detected by the Insectoid space craft.
Human/Neanderthal coalition thrives for twenty years and cities are built on the Islands. Then a war breaks out between the two races. This is how the Insectoids learn of us.
This question might be too broad, that is why I added the extra conditions. If you need me to narrow anything down or add information of my world ask me in the comments. Any questions other than the obvious, "Why did the people get dropped off?" or anything not directly involved in the question. These are topics for another question, and as such should not be discussed here.
(Just a reminder because people often ask questions about the worlds that have nothing whatsoever to do with answering the question.)
To clarify things, the Humans and Neanderthals are dropped off at about ten million each, on separate halves of the Archipelago with the same 1990's tech and medical specialists (that is, members of each race specializing in all of the respective departments to make a 1990's proto-American culture thrive and survive.
The Insectoids (as I thought would be obvious by the comparison with ants rather than wasps or bees) prefer to live underground, only building fortifications above the surface near ventilation shafts and entrances/exits.
Each colony is essentially a nation with alliances able to be formed between colonies such as the Argentine Ant. The only reason such colonies have not merged is because of genetic anomalies (an example would be humans having multiple skin colors) that are minuscule, but large enough for the Insectoids to notice.
The Archipelego would look something like this:
Multiplied many times. You could also liken it to Indonesia in size and number of islands. And Indonesia supports 250,000,000 people.