Yes but your planet will only have primitive lifeforms.
Ice planet with liquid ocean under the ice crust:
Imagine an ice planet with an active core and volcanic activity really far from its sun. Such a planet would have a 10km thick crust of ice under which there is a liquid ocean. The core of the planet is hot enough to melt the ice crust but because the planet is too far from the sun, its ocean is frozen on the surface (~ -200C surface temperature).
Because the core is active, there is volcanic activity. Hydrothermal vent (underwater volcanoes) activity forms oasis of lifes. They provide heat and nutrients. Life is not based on photosynthesis. The deep-sea organisms living on your planet have no access to sunlight, so they must depend on nutrients found in the dusty chemical deposits and hydrothermal fluids in which they live.
You basically only have 1 biome on this planet. Since the energy doesn't come from the sun, being at the poles or equators doesn't really matter. Seasons also don't matter. The only thing that matters is if you are close to a hydrothermal vent.
Some researchers think Europa or Io could be like that.